Carbon Monoxide poisoning occurs when you inhale a huge amount of carbon monoxide(co) gas, which is produced by the combustion of fuel. Fuels can be wood, gasoline, coal, kerosene or natural gas. After inhaling carbon monoxide (CO), its fumes prevents the body from using carbon monoxide, properly.
And because of this required amount of oxygen is not supplied in the various body parts, especially in the brain. It can harm your brain, heart and another organ. It can give huge damage to infants, children, older adults, and pregnant women.
Mainly Carbon Monoxide (CO) exposure occurs in the winter season or in cold climate regions. In winter the unvented space heater is used, which produces a huge amount of Carbon Monoxide (CO) gas. There are many other sources of carbon monoxide production such as Fires, Tobacco Smoke, a clogged chimney, auto exhaust, etc.
Cause Of Carbon Monoxide Poisoning
Carbon monoxide poisoning is caused when the combustion fumes are being inhaled by the person. When the concentration of carbon monoxide is in the air then you will inhale carbon monoxide gas. And your body red blood cells oxygen is being replaced by the carbon monoxide gas. It prevents oxygen from reaching your tissues or organs.
By many fuel-burning appliances and engines, carbon monoxide gas is produced. If these are used in the enclosed area, partially enclosed area and unvented area then carbon monoxide can be build to a dangerous level.
Inhalation of its smoke can cause carbon monoxide poisoning. In order to provide proper treatment on the time to the person suffering from carbon monoxide poisoning. You should know the signs of carbon monoxide poisoning so that you can identify it. Let’s see what are the sings of carbon monoxide poisoning –
Early Signs Of Carbon Monoxide Poisoning
Carboxyhemoglobin molecules are created when carbon monoxide, gas combines with the hemoglobin. Carboxyhemoglobin creates hindrance with the body’s ability to transport and use oxygen. And the cause of this oxygen is not properly used by the body and that’s why required oxygen is not transported to the various body parts especially to the brain. It affects the brain by causing decrement in oxygenation which is known as hypoxia.
Signs seen in early are –
Carbon monoxide is gas and it will affect everyone who is being exposed to it. It is easy to identify when these signs are seen in several people at the same time at the same place. It has a chameleon-like nature that is why it is not an easy task to identify carbon monoxide poisoning.
Progressed Signs Of Carbon Monoxide Poisoning
With the time carbon monoxide progresses and it’s signed becomes severe, but still, it is difficult to identify carbon monoxide poisoning. Signs of progressed carbon monoxide poisoning are –
- Shortness of breath or respiratory failure
- Chest pain
- Rapid heartbeat
- Blurry or double vision
- Loss of consciousness or coma
It is difficult to say how much it takes time to progress from headache to loss of consciousness. The effect of carbon monoxide poisoning depends on the time and the amount of carbon monoxide gas is available in the air and how long the patient is exposed to carbon monoxide gas.
Long Term Complications Of Carbon Monoxide Poisoning
Long term exposure to carbon monoxide gas when the concentration is not high and exposures to gas continue for many days or weeks then following problems can occur-
- Loss of hearing
- Peripheral Artery Disease
- Long term poorly understood neurological disorders
- Memory loss
- Trouble Speaking
- Lack of concentration
How To Diagnosis Carbon Monoxide Poisoning
You should be aware of the possible sign of carbon monoxide poisoning. It includes
- A large mass of people living in the same area has developed the same sign.
- And a person becomes better when he or she goes away from that environment and again started having these signs when returning to environmental.
- Its sign is seasonal because it can be caused by a central heating system which occurs occasionally at a specific time in the year.
By taking a blood sample a physician can detect an unusual level of Carboxyhemoglobin and perhaps an electrocardiogram(ECG) asses how the heart is pumping blood around the body.
Treatment Of Carbon Monoxide Poisoning
Firstly the person should be moved from the source of co gas and asses his sign and symptoms. If signs of carbon monoxide poisoning are severe then the person can be hospitalized. In the hospital, 100 percent oxygen is delivered through a mask, so that it can speed up the production of Oxyhemoglobin and also it will replace the Carboxyhemoglobin.
If the physician will find that the suffering person nerve is damage because of the huge amount of carbon monoxide gas inhalation, then Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy ( HBOT ) will be given. In this treatment, blood is flooded with pure oxygen, in order to compensate for the lack of oxygen which is caused by the carbon monoxide poisoning.
Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy( HBOT ) can be given to the patient whose supply is reduced or cut off, a patient who is in a coma, a patient who has a loss of consciousness, a person having reduced brain activity or dynamic ECG reading and pregnant women.
How To Prevent Carbon Monoxide Poisoning
1. Your furnaces and fireplace should be cleaned and checked before each heating season.
2. Fuel burning space of heaters should be used in an only well-ventilated area or use electric space heaters.
3. You should not start or leave your vehicles running in an enclosed area like Garage.
4. Never use portable heaters or lanterns while sleeping in an enclosed area, like tents, camp, and vehicles. At high altitudes risk of carbon monoxide poisoning increases.
5. Don’t use a gas oven or stove for heating a room.
6. Install a battery backup carbon monoxide detector in your house. If the carbon monoxide being arisen it will warn you.
7. On an indoor barbecue, charcoal should not be used.
8. The exhaust pipe in a motor vehicle should be serviced every year.
9. You should wear a mask while using the products containing methylene chloride.
10. All room should be well ventilated and vent should not be blocked. Be extra cautious in the well-insulated environment.
11. keep a gas powered generator away from the house while operating it for electricity production.
12. Testing the carbon monoxide levels and then mitigating as per the requirement. This can be done using the carbon dioxide detectors.
A few good CO2 detectors in the market are:
a) Nest S3003LWES
- Phone Alerts: Nest Protect sends you a message when there's a problem or the batteries run low.
- Smoke and CO Locator: Nest Protect speaks up if there's smoke or CO and tells you where it is, so you know what to do.
- Detects CO: Carbon monoxide is an invisible, poisonous gas. Nest Protect tells you where it's hiding.
b) Kidde KN Copp
- Digital display displays the level of carbon monoxide the unit is sensing
- Three convenient mounting options
- Peak level button displays the peak CO level recorded by the alarm since it was last reset
c) First Alert CO400
- Keep your family safe with this easy to use, battery operated carbon monoxide alarm; battery powered alarms provide...
- Features an advanced electrochemical carbon monoxide sensor that accurately detects carbon monoxide levels, no matter...
- A loud 85 decibel alarm sounds when CO levels reach dangerous levels
d) Kidde KNCOB DP2
- This product adds a great value
- Product is highly durable and very easy to use
- This product is manufactured in China
Risk Factors Of Carbon Monoxide Poisoning
Carbon monoxide poisoning can extremely dangerous for these-
- Unborn babies – Fetal blood cell takes monoxide gas more readily than the adult blood cells do. It makes for harmful to them.
- Kids – kids take a breath more frequently than the adults and because of this they inhale more amount of carbon monoxide than the adults.
- Older Adults – In older adults, carbon monoxide poisoning can develop brain damage.
- Patient Of heart and respiratory problems – People having respiratory and hearts problems are likely to get sick from inhalation of carbon monoxide gas.
If your child or other family members have any symptoms of carbon monoxide poisoning then be calm, don’t panic and provide medical care right away quickly. Leave the carbon monoxide-exposed area as fast as possible and get into the fresh air. If you can do quickly then only turn off the carbon monoxide, producing source without harming yourself. And call on the helpline number for emergency medical services. If someone stops breathing then give he or she CPR until they did not start breathing or the emergency medical health services are not provided. Further treatment of carbon monoxide poisoning will be done by the doctors.